God, the Father
There is but one
eternal Father, the Creator; a personal, spiritual Being, infinite in
and wisdom, omnipotent, omnipresent, omniscient, immortal.
3; Isaiah 45:5-12, 18, 20-22; John 4:24; Psalm 139:1-12.
Jesus Christ is the
of God, one in nature with the eternal Father. Through Christ all
were created. Retaining His divine nature, Christ took upon Himself
nature, was made flesh, and lived on earth as a man but without sin,
an example for us. He died for our sins on the cross, rose again from
dead, and ascended to the Father where He lives to make intercession
5; Colossians 1:15-17; Matthew 1:18-23; John 1:14; 1 Timothy 2:5; 3:16;
Hebrews 7:25; John 14:6; Acts 4:12.
The Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit is
representative upon earth, and is one in purpose with the Father and
Son. He is the Regenerator in the work of redemption. These three
God (the Father), Jesus Christ (the Son), and the Holy Spirit are the
26; 16:7-13; 1 Corinthians 2:10, 11; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Matthew 28:19.
The Holy Scriptures,
Old and New Testaments, are the word of God. They were given by
of God, contain the all-sufficient revelation of God's will to man, and
are the only unerring rule of faith and practice.
Peter 1:19-21; 2 Timothy 3:15-17; Luke 11:28; 16:29, 31; Matthew 22:29;
The moral law, the
of Exodus 20:1-17, is an expression of God's will, covering the duty of
man to God and to his fellowmen. The law is unchangeable, binding upon
all men in every age, and overrules all human laws. Transgression of
commandment is sin, and the wages of sin is death. We are not saved by
obedience to the law but through Christ, that through His strength we
render obedience and escape condemnation.
7:21; 19:17; 22:36-40; 1 John 2:3-6; 5:1-3; Romans 2:13; John 8:11;
God's moral law requires the observance of the seventh day Sabbath. It
is a sacred day of rest, a memorial of creation and a sign of
and redemption as well as sanctification. It is a spiritual institution
dedicated to religious worship and study. Genesis 2:1-3; Exodus
Ezekiel 20:12, 20; Isaiah 58:13, 14; Mark 2:28; Hebrews 4:1-10. True
observance requires cessation of all secular work at sunset Friday
sunset Saturday. Preparation for the Sabbath is to be completed on
before the Sabbath begins. Leviticus 23:32; Exodus 16:22, 23; Luke
Mark 16:1. Since Christ and the apostles always, both before and after
the crucifixion and resurrection, observed the Sabbath, it is and
the true day of rest. (Ananias and Paul could not have been guiltless
the Jews if they were not faithful Sabbathkeepers.)
13:42, 44; 16:13; 17:2; 18:4; 22:12; 25:7, 8.
The first day of the
commonly called Sunday, was dedicated anciently to the worship of the
As the Christian church fell away from the true doctrine of the
days, the seventh-day Sabbath was gradually displaced by the first day.
Sunday, with other pagan institutions, was eventually adopted by the
church. Sunday observance is not found in the Bible.
The ceremonial law
Old Testament enjoined upon the Jewish people pointed forward to the
It typified the work of Christ, and its requirements ceased at the
The ceremonial law, which includes the ceremonial sabbaths and Jewish
should not be confused with the moral law and the Sabbath day of the
9, 10; Colossians 2:14, 16; Galatians 4:10, 11.
Grace and the
Because of sin, mankind must suffer the consequences of death. God
His love by extending salvation from death through Jesus Christ to
sinful man. Salvation is accomplished when sinners are drawn to Christ
through: (a) the word of God, (b) the Holy Spirit, and (c) the ministry
of the gospel.
John 14:26; 16:13; 2 Corinthians 5:17-20; Acts 2:38-42.
The New Birth
In order to be saved
sin and its consequences, man must experience a new birth, a
of life. As an individual repents of his sins and as he yields to the
of the Holy Spirit upon his heart, he experiences a desire to live in
to God's will. The Bible calls this experience "the new birth." The new
life thereafter is maintained by our faith in Jesus Christ. n
John 3:3; Romans 2:4; John 16:8; Acts 2:37, 38; 1 John 2:3, 6; John
1 Peter 1:22; Psalm 119:142; John 17:17; Galatians 2:20; Hebrews 12:2;
Romans 1:17; Philippians 4:13.
Those who have
age of accountability and have been "born again" should be baptized by
immersion in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. This
represents the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ, as well
as the death of the "old man" and the resurrection of the "new man" to
a new life in Christ.
16:16; Romans 6:3-9; Colossians 2:12.
The washing of feet
ordinance of humility which precedes the communion service. It was
by Christ, and enjoined upon the Christian church to teach humility,
brotherly love, and unity in Christ. Reconciliation between brethren
precede the ordinance.
Matthew 5:23, 24.
By partaking of the
bread and the unfermented wine which represent the body and blood of
Christ, the believer commemorates His suffering and death. The
of this ordinance implies that it be shared only by members in good and
regular standing in the body of Christ.
1 Corinthians 10:16, 17; 12:20; Luke 22:11; 1 Corinthians 11:23-29.
The prophecy of the
days (years, as per Numbers 14:34 and Ezekiel 4:6) of Daniel 8:14 ended
in 1844, when the "cleansing of the sanctuary," or the investigative
began. This refers to the pre-Advent examination of the heavenly
of the lives of the professed children of God through the ages. The
of this investigation determines the destiny of each soul, either for
life or eternal death.
12:14; Daniel 7:9, 10; Luke 20:35; Revelation 14:6, 7; 22:12.
This judgment is
in Matthew 22:11-14.
The three angels'
of Revelation 14:6-12, together with the message of the other angel of
Revelation 18:1-4, are present truth. These messages are to prepare a
group of people, 144,000 in number, for the second coming of Christ.
Revelation 7:1-4; 14:1-12; 18:1-4.
The Gift of
In keeping with the
of God in Acts 2:17-21, the gift of prophecy was restored to Christ's
in these last days, not as a replacement of or an addition to the Bible
but as a guide and a mark of distinction to the remnant people of God.
Inspired writings turn our attention to the principles of the Bible as
our rule of faith and practice and help to safeguard us from
the Word of God. Expanded edition
2 Chronicles 20:20; Proverbs 29:18; Hosea 12:13; Amos 3:7; Ephesians
1 Thessalonians 5:20, 21.
God and honored by Christ to bind both parties for life. Neither
for the purpose of remarriage, nor common-law marriage, nor marriage
unbelievers is within the divine principle of marriage. Expanded
7:1-3; 1 Corinthians 7:11, 39; 2 Corinthians 6:14.
is the temple of the Holy Spirit, the believer will want to safeguard
health by following natural law, discarding health-destroying articles
of food and unnatural habits of life, and being moderate in the use of
those things which are good. 1 Corinthians 3:16, 17; Philippians 4:5.
of dress are an index of the character. Christian modesty and
require us to abstain from the extravagant fashions of the world.
Isaiah 3:16-24; 1 Corinthians 11:15; 1 Timothy 2:9.
The Christian is
to respect divine and human authority. He obeys all righteous laws of
governments from a good conscience. If the requirements of human laws
in conflict with the law of God, then the Christian must decide for
or herself: Shall I obey God or man? Our Christian conscience forbids
to have any part in political activities. Expanded edition
Romans 13:3-7; 1 Peter 2:17; Acts 5:29; 2 Corinthians 6:14-17; Isaiah
The Body of
The church of Christ
a visible and organized body, not scattered individuals. The church
a portion of its authority to elected officers, not to lord it over the
church, but to serve the church and edify the body of Christ. The
has the authority to accept members by baptism and profession of faith
and to disconnect members for cause. Expanded edition
1 Corinthians 10:17; 12:12-27; 1 Peter 2:5; Ephesians 4:15, 16;
2:18, 19; Revelation 1:20; Song of Solomon 6:10; Ephesians 4:11-13;
6:1-6; 13:3; 20:28; 1 Peter 5:1-5; Matthew 16:19; 18:15-18; 1
The giving of tithes
offerings for the support of the ministry and the preaching of the
is a Christian duty.
Matthew 23:23; 1 Corinthians 9:14; 2 Corinthians 9:6, 7; Hebrews 7:8.
Coming of Christ
before the second coming of Christ, which will be literal, personal,
audible, and universal.
17:29, 30; Isaiah 11:4; 66:17; 2 Thessalonians 1:6-10; Matthew 24:27,
John 14:1-3; Acts 1:9-11; 1 Thessalonians 4:15-17; Revelation 1:7.
The Nature of
the State of the Dead
Man was created by
of God as a living soul. Through disobedience he was separated from the
source of life. Therefore, he is mortal by nature; but he may obtain
through Christ: in promise, immediately; and in actuality at His second
coming. Genesis 2:7; 3:22-24; Job 4:17; 1 John 2:25; John 11:25, 26;
2:7; 2 Timothy 1:10; 1 Corinthians 15:53, 54. At death, whether he be
or evil, man enters into a "sleep," a state of unconsciousness,
and inactivity. The dead remain in the grave until the resurrection of
the just and of the unjust. The unjust are not in a place of torment,
are "reserved unto the day of judgment to be punished." And the
are not in heaven, but remain in the grave till the resurrection at the
coming of Christ.
9:5, 6, 10; Psalms 6:5; 146:4; 89:48; Revelation 20:13; 2 Peter 2:9;
5:28, 29; Daniel 12:13; Acts 2:29, 34; 2 Timothy 4:7, 8.
After the second
of Christ there will be a one-thousand-year period, commonly called the
millennium. During this time, while the righteous are in heaven with
the wicked remain in the dust of the desolated earth. While the earth
desolate, the righteous ones will judge the wicked. At the end of the
the wicked are resurrected to be destroyed by fire.
7:9; 14:1; 20:4, 5; Psalm 46:2, 8; Isaiah 24:1-6; Jeremiah 4:23-27; 1
6:2, 3; Revelation 20:4; John 5:29; Revelation 20:5, 9, 14; Malachi
3; Matthew 10:28; 2 Peter 3:7-10; Psalm 37:10.
The New Earth
After the cleansing
earth from sin by fire, God will make "all things new," restoring the
to its Edenic beauty. This new earth will then become the eternal home
of the redeemed, with God reigning as supreme throughout the ceaseless
ages of eternity. Expanded edition
Revelation 21:1-7; Matthew 5:5; 1 Corinthians 2:9.
Believe" is published
by the Seventh Day Adventist Reform Movement General Conference.